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tv   News  Al Jazeera  November 21, 2014 9:00am-9:31am EST

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>> in the fight against isil marking an anniversary, ukraine takes time to remember an event that changed its political and territorial landscape, but... >> you can come out of the shadows and get right with the law. >> president barack obama gives
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hope to millions of undocumented people in the u.s. let's start in vienna where there is some hope for talks on iran's nuclear power. now, earlier reports that iran's foreign minister, mohammed aljazare would lead the negotiations. >> proved false. john kerry will head to paris to meet with european partners. for more on these crucial talks likes go to james bays in new york. explain to us these latest developments. >> well, i think the fact you've got people talking about leaving and people leaving and the very important person in secretary kerry shows we are at crunch time here. these talks are extremely difficult. they are closer to a nuclear deal than they have ever been before, but they've got to come up with a final deal and all of
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the details by monday. >> is the deadline. they did an interim deal a yeye ago and the deadline is supposed to be monday. in my estimation, there are two possibilities here one is that they know they have run out of time and they know they are got going to reach a deal by monday so they are negotiating the possibility of an extension beyond monday because no one wants this to collapse completely. the other alternative is that these are high-stakes talks and when you are in a high-stakes negotiation, sometimes a tactic to get the other side to accept, perhaps, concessions, is to walk away from the table, and it may be that is what secretary kerry is doing, going to have consultations with his european counter parts. we don't really know what is going on at these talks because one of the things they have agreed on all along is secrecy. the u.s. negotiateo who has been
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doing these talks on a day by day basis when john kerry is not there, she is quote an old quote by madeline albright, the former secretary of state that diplomatic negotiations are like mushrooms. they are best done in the dark. >> now, james, take us through some of the obstacles of these talks. why would it be on difficult for all parties to come to some sort of an agreement on monday? >> reporter: well, i think some of the obstacles are there in the room, in the negotiating room, in the detail, in the detail of iran's nuclear program and trying to get a deal that helps iran, lifts sanctions eases the situation in iran, what iran wants and gets what the west wants, which is guarantees that iran cannot turn its nuclear technology to a bomb. a lot of talk about the number of centrifuges to enrich uranian and the breakout time, how long
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it would take iran to convert its technology from civilian use to military use and the u.s. is very keen. there is a breakout time of at least a year. these are some of the crunch things in the room, but remember, it's not just about the people in the room. it's also on the iranian side, about had hard liners in tehran who are very nervous about negotiating with the u.s. since 1979, a country that's been seen as the great satan, and on the other side, the u.s. probably have more problems because they've got lots of other different stakeholders that they need to keep happy. remember, president obama now has the republicans in control on capitol hill, and he has problems with his allies, the gulf states are very nervous about these nuclear negotiations. some of his european partners, notably france, very hawkish on this, very nervous about a deal with iran and then, of course, you have the other middle east
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ally of the u.s. that is israel. they, frankly, don't believe a word the iranians are saying. they think the iranians are c conning the international community in these talks. >> so many interests at stake. james bays from new york. >> kurdish leaders meeting, the president of the northern kurdish region says he is ready to send additional troops to kobane if the situation requires that. at the same time, the turkish prime minister expressed supports for efforts to reach an agreement on oil exports between iraq, the kurdish region and turkey. abdullah kosba is an anchor and spoke to us about what turkey's motivations are in its dealing with the threat of isil. >> they are significant, not only the prime primary of turkey visiting erb ill but visiting
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adad has significant meaningil d has significant meaning. this is the first prime minister meeting since 2011 when the relations soured and worsened under the former prime minister in baghdad. there is a significant, you know, concern from the turkey with regard to what was happening in the region from securitywise, the rise of the isil threats, the problems between erbil and baghdad in terms of power sharing and oil exporting issues and lastly, i think, the balancing act from the turkey side in terms of countering the iranian influence and the iraqi political space actually. so all of this consideration, i think, play an important factor behind the primaryim's visit yesterday and today. they don't seem coverprehensive,
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clear-cut plan in the coalition, especially by the americans. the vice president biden is coming to turkey to talk about that and general allen, the special envoy for obama was here in the middle of the week. so the talks and negotiation are still going on. turksey trying to push the idea of creating a safe zone and a no-fly zone to take care was refugees first and foremost because currently, we have about two million syrian refugees inside turkey. so if the aleppo falls, we are going to see another influx of refugees. you are going to need to be able to take care of these people inside syria because this is creating a huge strain on the turkish resources. but the americans, their priority is somewhat different. they are taking care of isil first. this is on all borders, first
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and foremost. but without trying to find a political settlement in syria in the transitional process with assad in place, maybe tomorrow, you will see another extremist organization taking place of isil. so you need to be able to address the root causes of the problem, both in syria and iraq. >> that's the main motivation, i think, from the turkey policy maker's perspective. >> ukraine is marking the one-year anniversary of protests that deposed victor yanukovych as president. his decision to scrap a tradedeal with the european union brought thousands of people onto the streets of the capitol kiev. the current president petro poroshenko laid candles at a mem memorial day for protesters who died in fighting with police. >> we need to be united now. there is an enemy in our yard, and i took a decision. today, i will sign a decree of heroes of the heavenly hundred
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as heroes of ukraine. today, we are together and that is the most important thing. we are together always and ukraine is above everything. >> poroshenko then met u.s. vice president joe biden to discuss the crisis in eastern ukraine. fighting continues between pro-russian separatists and government troops despite a cease-fire signed in september. biden also met crain's prime minister to discuss how ukraine can boot bilateral trade with the european union. britain's euroceptic party won a second seat in the british parliament beating the conservatives ma. ukip has been sworn in. he won more than 42% of the vote in a bi-election. he is a former conservative member of parliament who defected to ukip in september. a snap election in japan is expected next month after the
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prime minister dissolved the lower house of parliament. he's not due for re-election until 016. the vote is being seen as a refer endsum on his economic policies. gerald tan has more. >> reporter: with that, japan's parliament is dissolved, all part of prime minister's plan to make way for an early election. his decision was after weak economic data this week show that japan had slipped into recession yet again. still many believe abi will sail through the vote after delaying a sales tax hike. >> right now, he has virtually no opposition and he knows that. the fact of the matter is, he is taking a format of asking the public about, you know, the tax increase which he knows will be welcome by many parts of the economy. >> shows his confidence he is going for a snap election, i think. >> the sales tax was already raised once this year. part of a stimulus policy known
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as abanomics. government was spending millions of dollars which helped the stockmarket surge and gave the impression the economy was rebounding. the plan back fired. people simply were not spending, especially the large population of older people. >> and japan's economy shrank. >> the only way out is through economic recovery. this is what i want to keep telling people during campaign. this is an election where we ask the people whether we should carry on ahead with abenomics or stop it. >> in 345e7b ways, japan has never truly recovered after the bubble economy burst despite a strong manufacturing sector, the last 25 years have come to be known as the lost decade marked by deflation and stagnation. shinzo abe has promised to put the spark back in the economy. he is bearing on the public to give him another chance. germed tan, al jazeera.
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still ahead on al jazeera, the u.s. president takes action on immigration that could affect millions of undo you think people. it's become one of the most infamous cities in the u.s. state of missouri, now, some residents say things are not just black and white in ferguson. >> at the height of the cold war >> we're spies... intercepting messages from
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embassies, military bases... >> one of the america's closest allies... >> we were not targeting israelis... >> suddenly attacked >> bullet holes... ...just red with blood... >> 34 killed... we had no way to defend ourselves >> high level coverups... never before heard audio... a shocking investigation >> a conscience decision was made to sweep it under the rug... >> the day israel attacked america only on al jazeera america
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janan's prime minister paving the way for a general election a last month. he is portraying the election as a referendum on his economic policies. to washington where the house speaker, john boehner is speaking. >> remember not an american president. he is doing this at a time when americans wants nothing more than both parties to focus on solving the biggest problems in our country, starting with our still-struggling economy. the action by the president yesterday will only encourage more people to come here illegally and putting their
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lives at risk. we saw the humanitarian crisis at our border last summer, how horrific it was. well, next summer, it could be worse. this action also punishes those who have obeyed the law and have waited their turn. with this action, the president has chosen to deliberately sabotage any chance of enacting bi-partisan reforms that he claims to seek, and as i told the president yesterday, he's damaging the presidency, itself. president obama has turned a deaf ear to the people that he was elected and we were elected to serve. but we will not do that. in the days ahead, the people's house will rise to this challenge. we will not stand idle as the president undermines the rule of law in our country and places lives at risk. we will listen to the american people. we will work with our members, and we will work to protect the constitution of the united
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states. >> speaker -- >> you know what the rules are. >> mr. speaker, the president says you could have prevented this, mr. speaker, by showing that the house was going to take action on comprehensive immigration reform. did you miss the boat? >> the president made 38 unilateral changes for the affordable care act. the president repeatedly suggested that he was going to unilaterally change immigration law and he created an environment where the members would not trust him and trying to find a way to work together was virtually impossible. and i warned the president over and over, that his actions were making it impossible for me to do what he wanted me to do. >> mr. speaker, can you tell us how you plan to respond, how the house plans to respond when the house will respond and whether or not you agree with chairman
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rogers that given how these things are funded, the power of the purse through appropriations is not a constitution al avenue to fight this? >> we are working with our members and looking at the options that are available to us, but i will say to you the house will in fact, act. >> mr. speaker, you started a pieceimmediately process last year or earlier in this year. can you renovate that? can you reinvigorate it and move that forward, or are you going to attach from scratch? >> as i said at the beginning of my remarks, we have a broken immigration system. the american people expect us to work together to fix it, and we ought to do it in the democratic process. moving bills through the people's house, through the senate and to the president's desk. thank you. happy thanksgiving. >> you've just been listening to the house speaker there, john boehner, speaking in washington. these, of course, his comments
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come on the immigration act in the u.s. this, of course, comes after barack obama announced plans to enact laws that could prevent about 5 million undocumented immigrants from being deported. let's go to shiha britan in washington for more analysis. it's very interesting there, we heard boehner saying that the president is deliberately sabotaging bi-partisan efforts over this issue. he is even saying that he's, barack obama, is damaging the presidency. what did he mean by that? >> you know, it's interesting. some democrats are saying the same thing actually, that this does sabotage any hope for comprehensive immigration reform in the last few years of president obama's presidency. it's just not going to happen now. some centrist democrats are angry about that, too, but that's only if you believe anything would happen in the last two years of his presidency to address the u.s.'s
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immigration problems. the clearly the president didn't think there would be any hope. he's acted. this is an, an executive, not an executive order. there are no new laws now. president obama is using his executive authority as president to the interpret existing laws, the existing immigration acts on the books. and that's a role that presidents always play. they have to. they have to priorititize. he is saying look. as we look at who to deport, we will now give the parents of children who are legal citizens of the united states who have lived in the u.s. 5 years a deferral. current immigration law, there is a distinction. you can did he ever someone's deportation as you re-assess their status and you re-assess their case. >> that's all he is doing now, reinterpreting existing laws. there are no new laws here on the books. it still leaves i am graftons without papers in a terribly precarious state.
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they have no rights, and this can be revoked at any time because this isn't a new law. this is the president using his discretion. it can be overturned easily by the next president. he said all of that, though. it's not clear -- go ahead. sorry. >> sorry shihab. i want to go back to obtain saying the republicans are now looking at options to oppose obama's efforts. realistically, what can they do now? >> you know, no one really knows. i think the republican leadership knows it's difficult. there is no law to overturn. some republican governs are threatening lawsuits. having said that, though, presidential discretion has been a feature of the presidency for many years. i suppose they could make the case this particular use of presidential discretion or proscuetorial discretion affects so many millions of people, it is out of the ordinary. perhaps you can make a case of that. people aren't necessarily that convinced by that. they talk about using the power of the purse in congress. a question was asked about that. a problem is that the agency in
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charge of giving the undocumented migrants in the u.s. now deferred status isn't funded by congress. it's entirely funded by subscription. when you go to the office and say, look. i want my deportation deferred because president obama said i could, you have a bit of money. >> that's what changes your status. it's not congress in charge of that. then congress could attach riders to the overall government budget which gut president obama's immigration plan and president obama will simply vet 0 that. >> means the government is no longer funded and the government shuts down and the last time the republicans tried that, it was they who got blamed. a real difficulty as to what they can do. >> politically, shihab, this sounds complex. the question i want to ask you is: how much do you think obama's announcement has to do with the fact that really, he's only got two years left in the office? >> i think that does have a lot to do with it because frankly, he has been making promise to the latino community and to minorities and to anyone who
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really cares about the problems of immigration since he got into. he's never kept any of them really. he's deferred action on young people who were brought here when they were children. 1.2 million people eligible for that, about 600 actually apply. beyond that, he hasn't done much much. he has been promising, i will do it. he had to act. otherwise, it would have been an enormous betrayal for those in his core constituency in the e leingsz that have brought him to power. and he is burn issue being his reputation but thing isn't comprehensive immigration reform. it doesn't go that far. it's a huge risk for people to come out of the shadows as president obama says because this can be over turned at any point. once they are outs of the shadows, the government knows who they are and we have a long way to go. this isn't some democratic politicians who have said akin to abraham lincoln's if problem claim indication. it's a stop-gap measure. it doesn't help but he can say,
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i did try to keep my promise. >> shiab, speaking to us from washington. . tension is mounding in yemen's province. the houthis say their expansion to defeat al-qaeda but their opponents believe it's a strategy to control the entire country. a report from sanaa. ♪ >> these are shiia houthis fighters. this is a predominantly sunni area and people here are staunchly opposed to their presence. sunni tribesmen are also gathering troops for what could be an i am minute military confrontation the /* flooush
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here, the houthis gather to commemorate the death of ali, the founder of zadism, an offshoot of islam. celebrations were banned in the past. the recent military gains are widely seen as a way to grab pour in all of yemen. accusations dismissed by the houthis who call themselves ansalara, or of god. >> we have spotted suspicious movement of al-qaeda toward mari prove incident. they want to seize oil and gas installations. we warned the government and witold them we are ready to provide you with support, but they did nothing. therefore, we are asking our people to act. >> "death to america. death toisits" chance this crowd. some houthis want to establish an islamic state in yemen. >> there is no sunni/shia
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divide. our opponents are telling the world the houthis are sectarian. they are the ones who want yemen to look like iraq and syria. >> on the ground, sunni it is remain skeptical. they insist they should disarm and pull out from areas they control. otherwise, tension will continue to build up. >> this isn't just a religious celebration. it's a show of force at a time when the houthis have made significant political and military gains, something they seem unwilling to give up for the time being. ashar. >> several civilians who served along musharaf will face trial line side him. they will face treason. he was eventually forced from power by the threat of impeachment in 2008. he faces treason charges over his declaration over a state of
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emergency in 2007. >> 61 indians have been arrested for fishing in pakistani territory. they say they had crossed accidentally two kilometers into pakistani territory when they were picked up by mayor time security. the fishermen have been handed over to authorities in karachi. people in the united states out of ferguson are waiting to see whether a white police officer will be charged in the shooting death of a black teenager. the death of michael brown in august has highlighted racial tensions in the town. many people say that's not the ferguson thing. john hendren reports. >> reporter: if you live here, you no longer have to tell people where your hometown is. nearly everybody now knows about ferguson, missouri. for many, the new found notoriety stings? >> the big misconception is people see ferguson and it looks more like the footage you see of downtown fallujah because we saw
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during the unrest back in august. we just kept seeing the same images over and over of the quick trip burning and tear gas and buildings boarded up. >> the shooting of an unarmed black teenager by a white police officer put this city on the map. now ferguson joins the ranks of places like little topic, colorado and newtown, connecticut, their names tainted by historic strategy. police and national guard troops once more prepare to line the streets. and many store owners have again boarded up their shops. some protestors say while they believe the police mistreat african-americans, those who live here don't. >> i haven't noticed a racial problem with the residents, i haven't, no. >> for many here, especially white residents, the racial tension that explode when had a white police officer killed an unarmed black teen in august came as a shock. this is not the ferguson they knew. >> the hardest part is seeing the community i grew up in embroiled in this kind of racial
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tension, to see this kind of uproar. by the time i graduated, i had never seen any kind of racial frustrations or strife. so for me to see this happen to our community took a lot of us by surprise really. >> more than neighbors, ferguson bucked the trend toward white flight. after whites fled many sub your honor in the 90s, many towns became 90% black or more. ferguson remained about two-thirds african-american. mistaken whites say they embrace the city's diversity. >> everyone come home from work. everybody walk out to the street, and then everybody would just hug each other. it's like everybody just taking all of the love they have and surrounding us with it. and there is just a select group of people that want to be divided. so, we don't want most of us residents do not want to be divided. >> when the michael brown
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controvis e fades, that is the ferguson's name she will work to restore. ferguson, missouri. >> if you would like to find out more about john hendren's story, go to our website as well as the latest news and analysis on aljazeera.com. when the world's bad guys extremist, gorillas, thugs kidnap people and demand ransom, should they get anything from the u.s. government? it's inside o. hello, i'm ray swarez. as the armies of iorack

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